Docker Interview Questions and Answers
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Best Docker Interview Questions and Answers
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Q1) Why we need to go for Docker?
Answer: Docker is light weight and more efficient in terms of resources because it uses the host underlying kernal rather than creating it’s own hypervisor.
Q2)How to build environment-agnotic systems with Docker?
Answer: There are three main features
- Environment Variable Injection
- Read Only file systems
Q3) What are the most common instructions in Dockerfile?
Answer FROM, LABEL, RUN, CMD
Q4) Explain about docker workflow?
Answer: It starts with docker file and need to build it to create image of the container then redistribute it using registry and run the containers.
Q5) Explain about Docker Swarm?
Answer: Docker Swarm is native gathering for docker. It is used to group of Docker hosts into a single and virtual docker host. It provides the standard docker application program interface.
Q6) How to monitor the docker in production environments?
Answer: Docker stats and Docker Events
Q7) Why docker compose does not wait for a container to be ready before moving on to start next service in dependeny order?
Answer: Docker compose starts in a such a order based on the link volumes form and network mode.
Q8) Which Of the following options is correct with respect to cresting docker containers
- I can build my own image and use it for creating a Docker Container( V)
- I can pull an image from docker Hub and then run docker images(v)
- I can directly create a docker container without docker image(x)
Q9) How does the communication happen between Docker client and Docker Daemon
Answer: Combination of Rest API, Socket.IO and TCP
Q10) Where does the docker daemon store the Docker images?
Answer: Docker Registry
Q11) What are the various states of the Docker container?
Answer: Four States: Running, Paused, Restarting and Exited.
Q12) Explain about configure networking in Docker?
- bridge: The default network driver
- host: For stand alone containers , remove network isolation between the container and the docker host
- Overlay: Overlay networks connect multiple docker daemons
- macvlan: for assigning MAC address for container
- none: disable all neworking
Q13) Where the docker volumes are stored?
Q14) What is Docker object labels?
Answer: These are the mechanism for applying metadata to docker objects including, images, containers, Local daemons, volumes, network, swam nodes,swarm services.
Q15) How to start containers automatically?
Answer: We need to use restart policy …example …docker run always.
Q16) write a Docker file to create and copy a directory and build it using python modules
Answer: FROM pyhton:2.7-slim
COPY . /app
docker build –tag
Q17) How to publish the image?
Answer: docker push username/repository:tag
Q18) How to scale the app?
Answer: By changing the replicas value in docker compose.yml and re run the command docker stack deploy.
Q19) How to create a vm’s in Docker?
Answer: by using this command docker-machine create –driver virtual box myvm1.
Q20)How to install Docker?
Answer: yum install docker
Q21) What is the docker inspect do?
Answer: It will give the more information about container in json format.
Q22) How you implement CI/CD using Docker?
Answer: Run jenkins on docker
Run integration tests jenkins using docker-compose
Q23)Explain about CLI’s in Docker?
Answer: Engine CLI, Compose CLI, Machine CLI, DTR(Docker Trusted Registry)CLI ,UCP (Universal Control Pane) CLI.
Q24) How to cleanup Docker image?
- docker container stop name
- docker container rm name
- docker image rm name
Q25) How to start Docker daemon?
Answer: dockerd [options]
Q26) How to get Docker performance?
Answer: docker stats or docker top
Q27) How to check container logs?
Answer: docker logs
Q28) How to install logging driver plugin?
Answer: docker plugin install <org/imgname>
Q29) how to log tags for logging driver?
Answer:We have to use tag option
docker run –log-driver=fluentd –log-opt fluentd-address=myhost.local:24224 –log-opt tag=”mailer”
Q30) Explain about Docker security?
Answer: 4 aspects
- Kernal namespaces
- control groups
- docker daemon attack surface
- Linux kernal capabilities
Q31) How to check the container status ?
Answer: docker ps
Q32) How you manage Docker images?
Answer: Using Docker Hub and Docker Registry
Q33) How you execute multiple Docker commands?
Answer: docker run image /bin/bash -c “cd /path/; python a.py”
Q34) When you will use Docker swarm?
Answer: If we want to manage container scheduling over multiple hosts we will go for docker swarm.
Q35) How you create jenkins image using Docker?
Answer: Docker pull jenkins
Q36) what are the advantages of Docker?
Answer: 1. Return on investment and cost saving
- Standardization and productivity
- CI/CD and efficiency
- Simple and Secure
Q37) What is the Docker container life cycle?
Answer: Build, Pull and Run
Q38) How to develop new apps on Docker?
- 1.build an image file to docker file
- 2.use multistage builds
- 3.manage application data using and bind mounts
- 4.scale app as a swarm
Q39) which version of Docker you are using?
Answer: we can find using docker version command 19.03
Q40) How to control Docker with systemd?
- systemctl start/stop docker
- service docker start/stop
Q41) Explain about Docker object labels?
Answer: It is for applying metadata to docker objects including images, containers, local daemons , volumes, Networks,swarm nodes and swarm services.
Q42) How to clean up Docker objects?
Answer: docker image prune and docker container prune
Q43) How do we share Docker containers with different nodes?
Answer : By using docker swarm . Docker swarm consists of two type of nodes. one is manager node and other is worker node.
Q44) What is the command to create a docker swarm?
Answer: docker swarm init –advertise-addr <manager IP>
Q45) How to run multiple containers using single service?
Answer: By using docker compose. Each container runs seperately but they can interact with each other. All docker compose files uses yaml language.
Q46) Do you know how to use json instead of yaml compose file?
Answer: docker-compose -f docker-compose.json up
Q47) How to include code with copy/add or volumes?
Answer: In docker file we have to use COPY or ADD directive. this is useful to relocate code. we should use a volume if we want to make changes.
Q48) How to push the new image to Docker registry?
Answer: docker push myorg/myimg