MVC Vs Web API

MVC Vs Web API

MVC Vs Web API

What is MVC ?

MVC is the acronym for Model View Controller. It is an architectural pattern, which separates any application into three major logical components. These are the view, the model and the controller. Each of the components is responsible to deal with specific developmental aspect of any application. MVC is an industrial standardized web development type of framework used primarily to create varieties of scalable and extensible types of projects.

Why MVC ? 

Facilitates for Faster Development  

MVC gives support to rapid and parallel development. If you use any MVC model for developing a specific web application, one programmer may work on its view and another one works on its controller to design business logic of the respective web application. Indeed, application developed via MVC completes at 3times fast rate as compared to apps developed via any other development option available. 

Supports Asynchronous Technique  

MVC gives support to asynchronous technique. Thus, developers may develop any application easily and the best part is that the developed application loads at the fastest possible rate. 

Allows JS Framework Integration 

MVC architecture integrates with JavaScript Framework easily, because of which you may design MVC applications to work properly with website specific browsers, PDF files and desktop widgets.

Scope to Create Multiple Views

MVC lets you creating multiple views for any model. With the consistent increase in demand for various innovative ways to access any app, MVC development constitutes an excellent solution.

No or Less Scope for Code Duplication

MVC does not leave any scope or very less scope related to code duplication. This is because; it separates the business logic and data from their displays.

MVC Model Remains Unaffected with Modifications 

User interface for any web application changes frequently and because of this, you have to make changes frequently in your existing application, such as fonts, colors, screen layouts and addition of any new device support for your tablets and mobile phones, all of which have become easy in case of an MVC model. In addition, MVC pattern involves easy addition of any new view, as the model part remains independent from the part of its views. Hence, if you make any change in the model, your complete architecture remains unaffected.

Supports SEO-friendly Web Pages and Web Applications Development 

MVC platform provides support to SEO-friendly web pages and web applications development. With the help of this platform, you may easily develop varieties of SEO-friendly URLs to generate relatively large numbers of online visitors from any particular application. This type of development architecture is mainly useful in various types of test-driven developmental applications. Besides this, MVC integrates jQuery and JavaScript scripting languages to develop wide range of feature-rich web pages and web applications.

What is Web API ? 

Web API refers to the Application Programming Interface for any web browser or web server. In this case, the concept related to web development remains limited to the client side of any web application, including each of the used web frameworks. Because of this, web API often excludes web browser or server implementation details in the form of APIs or SAPIs until and unless it is accessible publicly via any remote type of web application.

Why Web API ?

Open Source and Low Bandwidth 

A major benefit of web API is that it is an open source platform and it utilizes low bandwidth. Because of this, we not only be able to pass JSON or XML data, but also HTML contents in case of requirement.

Provides Centralized Business Logic

Web API offers centralization of the complete business logic and in turn, reduces the effort to make any task worthwhile. Because of this, you will expect to maintain the consistency of your business information.

Accessible to Varying Clients

Web Application Programming Interfaces are easily accessible to varieties of clients operating HTTP. These include Windows Phone 8, Windows 8, Windows 7, iPad, iPhone, Android and WPF Client. 

Simple Creation is Possible  

Web API eliminates any tedious configuration, because of which you will expect its simple and easy creation.

Web API Development Separates UI Development 

Web API development separates from normal UI Development.

Allows Easy Logic Testing

With the help of Web API, you may easily test varieties of business logics with the help of various advanced tools, like fiddler or client.

Lightweight Architecture

Web API possesses a lightweight architecture and is perfect for smartphones and other devices, which possess limited bandwidth.

Functions Depend on HTTP

Functions performed by Web API depend on HTTP. Hence, it defines, occupies and exposes anything in a restful manner easily.

Supports MVC Features

Web API gives support to varieties of MVC features. These include action results, filters, model binders, routing, controllers, IOC containers and dependency injections, which make the interface simple and robust.

Gives Support to OData

In case you place any Query attribute on the respective controller method capable to return Query, clients may use the methodology available for an OData query.

Identifies Resources

Web API uses URLs to identify resources and information paths.

Contains Body to Use for Every type of Data

Web Application Programming Interface incorporates a body to use for almost every type of data. Accordingly, HTTP messages body may be anything depending on the key requirement of a user. These include plain XML, HTML, JSON, binary files, along with images, videos and documents of different forms.

Descriptive and Meaningful Message Headers

Web APIs have descriptive and meaningful message headers to suggest us about the specific type of content present in the body of our message. In addition, headers explain the way to secure the message and the method to cache the valuable piece of information.

Difference between Web API and MVC

Basis

MVC

Web API

Development and Reply

MVC is useful for web application development, which replies as both views and data both.

Web API is useful for developing HTTP services, which replies only in the form of data.

Features

MVC controller comes with countless features, like action result, return views, JavaScript results and many more.

Web API has limited features i.e. it has either XML or JSON.

Request

MVC request traces with any action name.

Web API request traces with various actions depending on HTTP services.

Returns

MVC returns any data in JSON format via JSON result.

Web API returns any data in different formats, which include XML, JSON and similar others as per the request of the accept header.

Interfaces

MVC controller uses large numbers of interfaces and base codes.

Web API is a relatively light controller and hence, it distinguishes requests based on its passed parameters.

REST-full Services

MVC is unable to build REST-full Services.

Web API is helpful in creating REST-full Services.

Additional Supports

MVC framework fails to provide any additional support.

Web API framework provides support to self-hosting and content negotiation tasks.

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