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Python vs Ruby

Python Vs Ruby

Python Vs Ruby

While we shall begin comparing Python and Ruby in this blog, what must be primarily understood is that both are high-level scripting languages. A scripting language is nothing but a programming language that has been designed for the purpose of communication and integration with other programming languages. Owing to these being high-level scripting languages, their programs have no need to be compiled.

The application of scripting languages in today’s scenario has risen exponentially since they are involved in applications such as:

  • Creation of extensions & plugins
  • Games and Multimedia development
  • System Administration
  • Used in server side as well as client side in web applications

In a way, Python and Ruby are similar in a lot of ways. Both have risen to popularity among the top 10 programming languages in demand. But the two are also critically different in multiple ways. Their frameworks vary significantly and it is not easy to jump from one framework to another. Although visually similar, the two languages are polar opposites as far as their approach to solving problems is concerned.

The highlighting feature of Ruby is flexibility, while Python’s focus is on simplicity, directness, and readability. There are immense libraries for both Python and Ruby which a developer may use to create additional features for web applications. Below, we have given a comprehensive comparison between Python and Ruby which will help users understand in which case a particular language may be of the better user.

Difference Between Python and Ruby

Points of Comparison

Python

Ruby

Major Framework

Django

Ruby on Rails

Strengths

Python’s main use goes beyond web designing and it is highly proficient in handling data analytics.

Ruby is most popular with Web applications designing.

Main Approach

Python’s approach to programming is simple and direct such that everything can be seen by the programmer. This gives Python a big advantage while learning to code or efficient debugging of problems.

 Ruby is acclaimed in helping programmers design an elegant web framework.  However, the problem that results from this flexibility is that it gets very hard to track down bugs and may require the programmer hours of combing through the code to get to the issue.

Flexibility and Ease

While Python is not as Flexible as Ruby, it is readily readable by even an inexperienced programmer.

Ruby is renowned for its flexibility and there are many pathways to achieve a particular task. But it may lead to unnecessary confusion and complexity due to this.

Learning curve

Undoubtedly, Python is far easier to learn than Ruby. Its syntax is easier to understand, and it can be easily read, even by a beginner.

Ruby is a little more complex to learn, but built-in features provided by Ruby on Rails has such as scaffolding and Active Record help accelerate user development.

Code Reusability

In Python, the readily usable codes are known as modules that are available through PyPI. More than 150.000 modules can be found through it. The advantage of PyPI is that it allows filtering by categories, which is easier.

The reusable code in Ruby is called Gems, and there are around 150,000 Ruby gems.

Other Features

Its Pandas library along with other math libraries like stats-model and numpy are useful for data munging and preparation.

 The elegant model–view–controller (MVC) structure provided by Ruby on Rails ensures that you can separate your data, business functions, and user interface.

Other Features

TensorFlow: very popular with machine learning tasks, Matplotlib: a highly efficient data visualization tool, SciPy: powerful resources for solving math functions.

Chef: an increasingly used configuration management software is written in Ruby.

Community

Python’s online community is huge. There are lots of cases available for academic use both in math and science, where Python has been useful.

Ruby became popular after Rails was launched in 2005. Its community grew around Rails and is focused on web development.

Popularity

Python has been steadily growing more popular and continues to grow because of its momentum. Being pre-installed on almost every Linux computer, it is the perfect language  on Linux servers

Ruby’s use is limited to web development and hence its popularity remains confined to a select audience only.

Famous Users

Famous websites built with python: Google, Pinterest, Washington Post, Nat Geo, etc.

Companies using Ruby on Rails: Airbnb, Apple, Twitter, Github, etc.

These contrasting points are sure to help users get an idea about how and when to use Python or Ruby and in what circumstances each one is best for.

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