Python Vs Scala
Python and Scala both are new computer programming languages with many new features with fully Object Oriented programming techniques. The parent programming languages like C and Java have been used to develop these modern day programming languages which are basically some features integration of the parent languages. They are used very extensively in developing applications, websites, softwares and much more.
The most vital thing that makes programming languages like Scala and Python popular is that they are fully loaded with many types of features and are easy to understand and learn because of the simplicity of learning. Most of the programmers and developers are shifting towards these new languages because using it they can increase their productivity because one has to type less codes and get more out of it which somewhat not possible in the old languages. So, using it they can save their time and increase the efficiency of the work.
To better understand the similarities and differences between Python and Scala programming language we should know the basics of programming methodology and something about these languages.
What is Computer Programming?
We can explain computer programming as the technique which makes make an executable computer program for doing some specific task. The whole process of designing and development of the computer program comes under Computer programming and it can be accomplished using the programming languages like Python, Scala, Java, C sharp (C#), C++, PHP etc.
Video games, websites, Operating Systems, applications, system softwares, system drivers and much more are all made using the programming language. Every computer programming language (High Level Object Oriented) has its own rules for the syntax. Just like every language in real life has its own symbols same concept applies in the computer programming language. Different programming languages have different way to represent their working syntax some maybe simple while some can be bit difficult to adapt.
Now let’s know something about the evolution of the computer programming languages. With the rise in Information Technology universe the demand of programmers, software developers have increased very much. The programming languages which were used decades before had very lengthy programming codes and not easily human readable too. The probability of errors and mistakes committed while the process of development was very much hence the work of programming was not so much easy.
Then some researcher and some innovative minds started to develop a way in which the programming can be made simpler and joyful. This led to the invention of modern day High Level Programming languages which can do more work with very less codes. Features of Object Oriented programming like data encapsulation, inheritance, data hiding, reusability and polymorphism played a significant role in attracting many new people to take interest in this programming.
Some basic concepts of popular programming languages are taught to the school students and the enthusiastic persons continue to learn the advanced programming. Python and Scala both are Object Oriented Programming languages and support more extra functions like Scala has support to the functional programming feature.
What is Python?
Python programming language is ranked first for the best High-Level programming language to start with if you are a new to the programming world and want to learn the techniques of computer programming. Recommended by many professional programmers that it should be the first programming language for the beginners because the basic programming techniques that will be required while learning many other programming languages can be easily understood under the Python.
Python was developed by Guido van Rossum. It is an open source free programming kit with all the features of Object oriented programming. Python is dynamically interpreted programming language. It has been used to develop YouTube, Facebook and many more popular and important things available to us. The syntaxes in the Python are simple and easy to understand and some of them contain simple human readable English words. The programming style in Python is somewhat same as of C++ which is also a very popular and commonly used Object Oriented programming language.
The C++ is the combined version of C language and Simula language. Simula was the world’s first Object Oriented programming language, hence all its feature was combined with the features of C language which then developed the C++ language. The programming style matches with C++ but programming in Python is a lot more easier than C++ although C++ is a very professional language. Many tasks which can require a lot of coding in C++ can be easily accomplished using Python if the programmer knows all the fundamentals of the programming in Python.
What is Scala ?
Scala is also a very popular computer programming language with the capabilities of Object Oriented Programming and Functional programming. The Python which is a general purpose programming language is also very much influenced by Java programming language. Martin Odersky in the year 2003 developed the Scala programming language. Since after being globally launched in the year 2004 the Scala programming language has won the hearts of many programmers with its amazing features which enables them to code in a very simpler and efficient manner.
One of the greatest features which makes Scala very popular and favorite is the Scalability which is also a distinctive identity for Scala. The Scalability feature is the reason why it is named Scala. The complete package of object oriented and functional programming in Scala imparts direct and fast syntactical support for various unique features present in it which are very unique in the case of Scala.
Some of the mostly common used features are like:
A single argument can translate multiple arguments in the series of functions.
You know what the Scala programming language is very intelligent and this intelligence reduces the efforts made during the programming. You don’t have to mention the return type of function and data types in a clear and detailed manner these kind of stuffs will be accomplished by the programming itself.
In Scala the already declared variables values can’t be modified, this feature is known as Immutability.
Some function literals like function0, function1 and much more are unnamed.
Coding in Python and Scala
Comment in Python:
# This is a comment in Python
Comment in Scala:
/ / This is a comment in Scala
/ * It is a multiline comment in Scala……………………………..hope you enjoy…..it */
Print in Python:
print ( “Hello world! This is Python” )
Print in Scala:
println (“Hello world! This is Scala”)
Comparison Between Python and Scala
Despite the fact that coding near the uncovered metal produce dependably the most upgraded outcomes, pre-develop improvements are known to be the foundation of all malevolent. Particularly in the underlying MVP stage we need to accomplish high efficiency with least conceivable lines of code and perhaps be guided by a brilliant IDE.
Python is an easy to learn and exceptionally gainful language to complete things rapidly and from day 1. Scala requires somewhat a greater amount of reasoning and deliberation because of its abnormal state practical highlights yet when you get acquainted with that, your profitability will drastically help. Code succinctness are very practically identical, both can be exceptionally brief contingent upon how great you are at coding.
Perusing Python is increasingly express, it indicates you well ordered what your code execution is and the condition of every factor. Scala in the other hand will concentrate more on depicting what you are attempting to accomplish as conclusive outcome concealing the greater part of the usage subtleties and execution request. Be that as it may, recall with extraordinary power comes incredible obligation. While design coordinating is a cool method to remove factors, advance highlights like implicits or custom DSLs can be confounding to the non-master client.
As far as IDEs, both IntelliJ and PyCharm are savvy and beneficial situations. By and by, Scala can exploit the sort and accumulate time cross-references that can give some additional functionalities all the more normally and without equivocalness, dissimilar to in scripting dialects. Just to name few: Find class/techniques by name in the undertaking and connected conditions, discover utilizations, auto-finish dependent on sort similarity, advancement time blunders or alerts.
In the other hand, those assemble time highlights accompanies an expense: IntelliJ, sbt and the majority of the related devices are moderate and memory/cpu expending. You shouldn’t be shock if 2GB of your RAM is distributed so as to open numerous parallel undertakings in Scala. Python is progressively lightweight in this worry.
Key differences between Python and Scala
- Scala is ten times faster than Python.
- Python is comparatively easy to learn than Scala because its some syntax is difficult to master.
- Python doesn’t supports concurrency whereas Scala supports powerful concurrency.
- Python contains less verbose and easy to implement than Scala.
Both scores great here, my proposal is on the off chance that you are creating straightforward natural rationale, at that point Python carries out the responsibility extraordinarily, on the off chance that you need to accomplish something more mind boggling than it might merit putting resources into learning and composing practical code in Scala.