QTP Interview Questions and Answers
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Q1) What is UFT?
Answer: UFT is Licenesed Automation Testing tool from HP Vendor
Q2) What type of Tool is UFT?
Answer: It’s a Function and regression test automation tool
Q3) What Types of application you can automate using UFT?
Answer: We can automate Windows ,Web, Mobile and there a large number of add-in support.
Q4) Why we are using UFT Other than any Functional tool?
Answer: It Supports light weighted Scripting language vbscript, for issues we have vendor support and more secured for some of domains likes BFSI,HLSetc.,
Q5) What is the last version of UFT and what are new in that version?
Q6) UFT Works on which type of Platforms?
Answer: Windows mainly
Q7) Through UFT Parallel testing can be possible or not?
Answer: Yes Through StormRunnerFunctional tool.
Q8) Does UFT Supports API Testing?
Answer: Yes it supports both Rest API and SOAP API.
Q9) Does UFT Support Mobile Testing?
Answer: Yes the Recent Version Supports Mobile Testing also.
Q10) Does UFT Supports Web Testing?
Answer: Yes it supports webtesting.
Q11) Is UFT Supports only VB Scripting?
Answer: Requirment Gathering, Based on requirement Choosing the Framework,Designing the Framework,Production.
Q12) What is Object Spy in UFT?,
Answer: It’s a tool used to identify the object Property name, Property value, methods related to same, it also contains object highlighting,mousehover, copy to Clipboard of all Property names and values.
In a single line it’s object identification heart in UFT
Q13) What are Different types of Object Identification Mechanisim in UFT?
Answer: Two ways
- Object Repository
- Descriptive Programming.
Q14) What is meant by Step Generator?
Answer: It’s a tool to generate Piece of code for Test Objects,Functions,Utilityobjects.
Q15) What is meant by Framework in Own words what exactly it meant for?
Answer: In General For Preparing Food in our home we need to know ve, g or non veg , then recepie, cleaning them, removing the waste, using Species some times we have buffer gas etc., in fully organized way.
In the same way, We have to Driver Script, Test cases, Test data,declare variables, object identification, record and playback i.e., dry run, debugging, descriptive Programming, Checkpoints, Recoveryscenarioes,Schronization Points, Data table, Object Repositories,Reusable Functions , Actions, Test Results are separated in a organized way as per build release dates.
Q16) What is Step Into Does in code?
Answer: step by step Debugging of Script can be done by this option in debug pane
Q17) What is for Stepover in Debugging pane?
Answer: when Function call encounters in your script directly run every step with in few moments and gives the outcome. This can be done by this option in debug pane.
Q18) What is for Step Out in Debugging Pane?
Answer: Immediate Getback to call postion while middle in a long functioncall.
Q19) What is the use of breakpoints?
Answer: It will stop the execution at that point where breakpoints are assigned in your script.
Q20) What is meant by call stack in debugging Pane?
Answer: It Show that how many time a particular function call done in your present script.
Q21) What is use the of Step From and StepTo in Debugging Pane?
Answer: This Feature in Debug Pane will give that from which step to which step you want to debug the script. Example From Step From10 line to Step To99 can be a possible feature in UFT.
Q22) What is the use of OutPut Varables?
Answer: By this Feature in Debugging pane where we can change the variable values dynamically.
Q23) What is meant by VisualRelationIdentifier?
Answer: By Using the Adjacent static Objects Identifying the Dynamic natured objects. Most useful mechanism when objects in application are dynamic in nature.
Q24) When VRI came into Scenario?
Answer: Most useful mechanism when objects in application are dynamic in nature.
Q25) When we use smart Identification?
Answer: When the objects in AUT are Dynamic in nature we will use SmartIdentifiction.
Q26) When we will use Ordinal Identification?
Answer: For Example an WebPage having the objects with same name then we can discriminate using ordinal identification. Example an buttons like Cancel, Help, Back, Finish with same name can be varied by their Index , Location values.
Q27) What is meant by Base and Option Filter?
Answer: For Example the Object may image Base Filter Properties can be falls into href, source etc., which essence cannot be changed at any instance while in the case of optional filters it’s quite inversely proportional there may be adding and removing happens here.
Q28) What is meant by MicClass?
Answer: MicClass means UFT inbuilt object Class names
|General Naming||MIC Class as Per UFT Tool|
Q29) What is meant by Descriptive Programmming?
Answer: Its is a type of Object Identification Technique in UFT which mainly bypasses Object Repository.
Q30) Why and when we use inline Descriptive Proggraming?
Answer: When Ever in AUT the Object Names are same and at that time we will use Inline or Static Descriptive Programming.
Example: Browser(“CreationTime:=0”, ”Title:=.*,”htmltag:=.*”,”Visible:=True”).Close.
Q31) What are Basic Building Blocks of Framework?
Answer: Requirments, TestScripts, TestData,DriverScript,RecoveryScenarioes, ObjectRepositories, Reusable Funtions,Test Results.
Q32) How to Enhance the TestScripts?
Answer: we can Enhance a TestScript using Parameterization, Synchronization, CheckPoints.
Q33) Parameterization Role in UFT?
Answer: To give multiple sets of data to single Functionality we use Parameterization.
Q34) Synchronization Role in UFT?
Answer: when ever the Particular Object or mechanisim is loaded a bit late due to Performance issue it can be resolved by using schronization Points.
Q35) CheckPoints Role in UFT?
Answer: CheckPoints Will crosscheck or In techniqual terms validation Point that the AUT Come with UFT Result Pane.
Q36) What are different types of Frameworks in UFT?
- Modular Decompostion Framework(MDC)
- DataDriven Framework
- KeyWordDriven Framework
- Hybrid Combination of DDF and KDF
- In Built Hybrid BPT Framework
Q37) Modular Decomposition Framework Pro’s and cons ?
Highly Reusable by a single Function call.
coding Part is easy.
Both Data and Code are integrated not able to isolate the single entity.
Q38) When we use MDCF?
Answer: WhenEver the Code and Date are in combination using cases its more frutefull.
Q39) Is there any coding knowledge required for MDCF?
Answer: Basic Coding Knowledge is needed even in recent UFT version Function Defination is available. Needed to be known where to be call the function and how to associate to script either by execution method or loadfunction library be aware of this Dyamic association methods.
Q40) DataDriven Framework(DDF) Pro’s and Cons?
Whenever then functionality needed to test or automate with multiple sets of date.
Be Aware of while handling Database as Source.
Q41) Is there any Coding Knowledge needed for DDF?
Answer: Yes Coding Knowledge is Mandatory while working with databases and Excel sheets but not for inbuilt runtime datatable as data source.
Q42) When we use this DDF in our Script?
Answer: When ever the Code needs the data from external end like Text file, Excel file, Datatable, Databases , CSV etc., at that time we willgo for DDF.
Q43) KeyWord Driven FrameWork(KDF) Pro’s and Cons ?
Answer: Here the Data, Code, Reusable Components, testcases, Functionalities every thing is Partioned in a separate Common Folder accessing over there.
Q44) When we use this KDF?
Answer: By Partioniong everything and we came to know the tack of completion easily.
Q45) For what Extent Coding Knowledge need to Build these Framework?
Answer: Coding Knowledge needed but upto small extent for creating reusable components , their association and calling.
Q46) Role of Recovery Scenarioes in UFT?
Answer: For Special Cases like Run time object not found, menu items are not able to identify, application, un expected popupwindows , application crash etc., in this odd instances we use the Recovery scenarios.
If we or use more recovery scenarioes in our script our script will become low in performance.
Q47) How to Invoke an Application?
Answer: There are different ways to invoke the application i.e., through
Q48) What is use of Shell Script Keywords in UFT?
Answer: when ever the objects are not responding then we will use the keyword operations, mouse operation using Mercury.Devicereply utilty object for hadling in cornered situations.
Q49) What is the use of Fire Event’s?
Answer: Fire Event’s one of the useful feature in UFT. When Ever you want to access the Object when all possible ways are exhausted then we use the FireEvent’s.
Q50) What is the use of .Object in UFT?
Answer: This . Object class gives the source index, color of the AUT and so on.
Q51)When we use XPath, CSS Sector in UFT?
Answer: While Automating the web based Application in the Worst cases of unique way of identifying the we will use XPath and CSS Selctor.
Q52) How to Find the background color of screen?
Answer: Through .Object Class we can find Background color , Font Type, Font Size etc.,
Q53) Different ways of invoking an applications?
Answer: There are different ways to invoke the application i.e., through
Q54) What is AOM?
Answer: AOM is an internal automation Infrasture in UFT. Through this we can Invoke the application, We can attain the Task scheduling, Conducting the batch testing, associate the reusable Functions etc.,
By using Set uft= CreateObject(“Quicktest.Application”)
Q55) When we use AOM?
Answer: Through this we can Invoke the application, We can attain the Task scheduling, Conducting the batch testing, associate the reusable Functions etc.,